The Year Of The Digital Pen

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It might be a little late for predictions, but I think this year the digital pen will be mightier than the sword. The digital pens used with platforms like Samsung’s Galaxy Note 2 work well for note taking, drawing, and other functions that finger painting doesn’t do well.

The Galaxy Note 2 pen is based on technology from Wacom. It’s the same technology found in the digitizing tablets that I use with PCs, except they don’t have a display under the pen. Digital pens are pressure sensitive, so they don’t feel like a ball point or a pencil when you use them, but they aren’t bad.

Pen Under Pressure

I recently got to use N-trig’s DuoSense Pen 2 with an HTC tablet (Fig. 1). The pen does make a difference. Unlike other digital pens, the Pen 2 feels like a conventional ball-point pen on paper—smooth movement with a little drag—which was intentional (see “N-trig DuoSense Digital Pen Offers True ‘Pen-on-Paper’ User Experience” at engineeringTV.com).

The Pen 2 comes with a set of removable tips to provide different kinds of feedback. It boasts better than 0.4-mm accuracy because the matching N-trig DuoSense capacitive controller detects the pen tip and senses 512 levels of tip pressure using an in-pen ASIC (Fig. 2).

The controller can handle multiple finger touches and palm rejection, which was critical on the 7-in. tablet I was using because my palm then could rest on the screen without interfering with the finger or pen input. This was one of the biggest differences when working with an active surface. It isn’t an issue with most digitizing tablets that only recognize the pen and not the hand or fingers.

The hover support was useful when applications took advantage of it. Popup menus would appear or buttons would be highlighted when the pen was above the surface.

Pen Inconsistency

Generally, I have a problem with the plethora of use methodologies employed with pen-enabled applications. Simply giving programmers an application programming interface (API) is a sure way to confusion.

Android tends to be wild and wooly. That’s good for new ideas, but it leads to inconsistencies between applications. Every one of the applications I used with the Pen 2 had a slightly different way of selecting, erasing, and performing other functions.

Windows usually has a more rigid set of standards, but that runs contrary to letting new ideas emerge. Unfortunately, we are really at the beginning of the tablet/pen era, and most of the ideas being employed are sub-par and based on the limitations of the past.

For example, the HTC platform I was using had four ways to enter text using a pen. That was nice, because not everyone uses script or prints well. The problem was that it was the pen or nothing. A virtual keyboard wasn’t an option.

Features like the hover sensing also really need to become universal. Not all pens will have this capability, though, so what’s an operating-system (OS) designer to do? Likewise, pen input needs to be more universal, which means adding to an application and providing transparency need to be easy. I’m thinking about annotations scribbled on the sides of pages.

More changes will come. The Pen 2 that I used had a battery inside, but there likely will be a supercap version in the future that takes a wireless charge in seconds.

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Discuss this Blog Entry 4

on Mar 19, 2013

Until the various players agree to a common API, the computer stylus--as cool and useful as they are--will continue to fail to reach any kind of critical mass. Just look at N-Trig's inability to adopt or tweak the Wintab API, or how Micrsoft's recent Surface Pro was greeted with howls of disbelief from buyers that wanted to use it in Photoshop with pressure sensitivity. Incompetence, non cooperation, licensing fees, patent litigation, and/or product exclusivity concerns have hampered the stylus from going mainstream and have frustrated customers for years. Maybe this is the year that begins to change, but the track record is dismal and not likely to get much better anytime very soon.

on Mar 26, 2013

You bring up a number of issues and I cannot comment on all of them but I think that the influx of new products is going to make a major difference. Drawing tablet use on PCs tends to be limited to artists and CAD users.

The move to tablets with touch screens has changed things significantly and a stylus is a natural extension. I think that this will drive adoption that will push the APIs and standards. I have noticed that Windows tends to be more limiting because the APIs typically address what is currently possible making extensions more difficult to address. It means the hardware and even the applications are rushing past the operating system. We have seen the same problem with sensors where the capabilities within smartphones and tablets exceed what the usual application can gain access to through the operating system.

I think this is one area where Android will have an edge because it is a little more open at least on the user interface side. We are actually early in the curve from an interface standpoint for a stylus. What we have now is along the lines of what a stylus could do years ago. I had one on my original Palm but it could not do what I was able to do with the N-Trig pen.

Another issue is the market size with respect to the vendors. From the OS view, the stylus market is a small part. The same is true for applications like Photoshop where the bulk of professionals already have drawing tablets. Large screen screen pen displays like Wacom's Cintiq are expensive. The Yiynova MSP19U looks to be a less expensive option but 7-in and 10-in tablets with pen support will likely have more of an impact on applications.

on Apr 7, 2014

This is the technology that makes Samsung Galaxy Note 3 styluses amazing.

on Apr 12, 2014

Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam remarks? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any assistance is very much appreciated. iphone 5c

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Bill Wong covers Digital, Embedded, Systems and Software topics at Electronic Design. He writes a number of columns, including Lab Bench and alt.embedded, plus Bill's Workbench hands-on column....
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